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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 6-16

Impact of tobacco on thyroid function


1 Department of Psychiatry, National Drug Dependence Treatment Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, India

Correspondence Address:
Yatan Pal Singh Balhara
Department of Psychiatry, Room No. 4096, 4th Floor, Teaching Block, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi - 110 029
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0973-0354.124187

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A psychoactive substance is any chemical that, upon consumption, leads to a state of intoxication and alteration of physiological functions. Tobacco is the most common licit psychoactive substances being used globally and is the biggest contributors to mortality and morbidity. Tobacco has multiple effects on the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis and the functioning of the thyroid gland. This article presents a review of the clinically relevant effects of tobacco on the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis. This review mainly focuses on clinical issues. Tobacco smoking modifies almost all functions of the thyroid gland.


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