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Year : 2007  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 13-20

A protocol based rational management of differentiated thyroid cancer

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India

Correspondence Address:
B Das
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Differentiated Thyroid Cancer (DTC) is usually not very common (incidence is about 1 % of all cancers; women are more often affected than men). However, higher incidence has been reported in many parts of South East Asia particularly in iodine deficient areas. Unlike other solid tumors, DTC is potentially curable with documented survival rate of > 90 %. Even if the disease is not totally cured, through repeated high dose radioiodine therapy the progress of the disease can be controlled with significant improvement in quality of life for many years. This is possible if a proper and state of the art therapeutic approach is made. Since the incidence is relatively low, individual experience of treating physicians or centers is mostly inadequate leading to improper management with subsequent increase in morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this review is to evolve a rational management protocol for the treatment of thyroid cancer. Centers which do not have all facilities like high dose radioiodine (RI) therapy etc. may still follow the protocol by referring the patient for a particular step to another centre. What is needed is the awareness of the treating physician about the appropriate management of DTC. In recent past there has been some important developments in the management of differentiated thyroid cancer like use of recombinant human thyrotropin (rhTSH ), use of retinoic acid for redifferentiation etc. Some of these developments having practical relevance have been briefly mentioned.

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