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Year : 2007  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 37-49

National Iodine Deficiency Disorders Control Programme (NIDDCP) in India: Current status and future strategies

Department of Human Nutrition, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi-110029, India

Correspondence Address:
Umesh Kapil
Department of Human Nutrition, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi-110029
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Iodine deficiency is the world's single most significant preventable cause of brain damage and mental retardation. Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDD) reflects broad manifestations of iodine deficiency, including implications on reproductive functions, human productivity, and country's development at large. Today IDD is a public health problem in 130 countries affecting 13% of the world population. In India, no state is free from iodine deficiency and 200 million people are 'at risk' of IDD. The simplest solution to prevent the IDD is to consume iodized common salt everyday. This review article chapter discusses the phases of the IDD control programme in India since 1962, its origin, beneficiaries, spectrum of activities (with special reference to Universal iodization of salt) and evaluation studies. Though there has been remarkable progress in implementation of IDD programme, the sustainability of the NIDDCP is critical for the elimination of IDD. For achieving sustainability i) there is a need of undertaking operational research and developing a MIS system for ensuring that iodized salt of good quality moves by the road transport. ii) There is need of undertaking IDD periodic surveys to assess the current magnitude of the problem of iodine deficiency and assess the impact of iodized salt intervention programme and iii) There is a need of strengthening ongoing health, nutrition education programmes on IDD for ensuring continued demand for iodized salt.

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